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Tramadol Withdrawal, Detox and Treatment
Tramadol is a medication used to treat gentle to critical pain. It is a Narcotic analgesic and opioid, sold under the brand name Ultram.
Tramadol was authorized in the year 1963 and started under the name “Tramal” in the year 1977 by the West German pharmaceutical company named Grünenthal GmbH.
Considering tramadol’s effectiveness and requirement, it was later approved in U.S and U.K in the mid-1990s.
Spreading the branches of wellness, tramadol was the 25th most prescribed medication in the U.S in 2018, with over 24 million prescriptions.
Despite taking tramadol in the amount prescribed, one can be addicted to it. Once a person begins building dependence on tramadol, discontinuing the drug can invite some severe and repulsive symptoms. The symptoms start following the next day; one can stop taking medicine.
The withdrawal is the by-product of the body’s growing addiction to the drug from taking tramadol daily. This happens when a person develops a tolerance and demands more and frequent doses to experience the effect every time. In response, the brain starts adjusting and develops a habit of the presence of the drug.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle pain
- Blurred vision
- Mood swings
- Tingling sensations
- Abdominal cramps
Along with this, there are two types of opioid symptoms, namely traditional and Atypical.
Some of the traditional symptoms are:
- Gastrointestinal pain
Some of the Atypical symptoms are-
- High anxiety and panic attacks
The symptoms typically continue for 5-7 days. If you or your loved one is struggling with any other symptoms apart from what has been mentioned above, or symptoms above get worse or do not go away easily, then visit your doctor immediately.
Detox and Treatment
Like every problem has a solution, tramadol addiction has its one. The detox program and treatment aid patients to prevent their addiction and start their own life again. People who go under detox treatment are most severely addicted.
The prime goal of the detox program is to assist irradicate the drug from the patient’s body with fewer withdrawal symptoms. The detox should be performed under the supervision and guidance of medical specialists.
The journey of a detox program can go from mild to severe depending upon the type of consumption patients has done over time.
Not everyone has the strength to tolerate the symptoms; for them, the doctor may recommend some over the counter medicines like-
- Metoclopramide for nausea and vomiting
- Loperamide for diarrhea
- Clonidine for anxiety and sweating
- Buprenorphine (Subutex) for relieving withdrawal symptoms
People can detox themselves at home also, but it is good to consider detoxing under medical observations and options.
Treatments like inpatient, outpatients, rehab, therapy, and support.
The treatment majorly depends upon how much a person is addicted to the drug. The degree of addiction decides the treatment to be practiced.
Inpatient- In this, the patient is told to be in the center. They are put under monitoring 24*7 and provided with therapies and sessions for wellness.
Outpatient- In this situation, the patient has been called to the center daily. The patient has been handled with sessions and therapies like inpatients and then sent back to their homes. This program is practiced on the less addicted so that they can be handled and treated from a distance too.
Tramadol is used to treat pain in adults, and continues the use of the drug can lead to addiction and physical dependence. Always follow your doctor’s advice and direction. Tell your doctor if the drug is not suitable for you; they will prescribe another medicine to you.
Do not abuse or overdose tramadol; it will call out some serious issues.
Talk and discuss with your health care service provider if you have any queries related to the drugs.
O’Mara, K., Gal, P. and DaVanzo, C., 2010. Treatment of neonatal withdrawal with clonidine after long-term, high-dose maternal use of tramadol. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 44(7-8), pp.1342-1344. Available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1345/aph.1m758Accessed on 17/09/2021
Ahmadi, J., 2015. Tramadol Dependency Treatment: A New Approach. Journal of Addiction Medicine and Therapeutic Science, 1(2), pp.41-43. Available at: https://www.peertechzpublications.com/index.php/abstracts/JAMTS-1-110 Accessed on 17/09/2021